The application of "robot" will bring revolutionary change ship construction.As the labor labor costs rise, the ship companies adopt the automatic welding equipment is the trend of The Times, the future shipbuilding enterprises must rely on shipbuilding efficiency and reduce labor costs, reduce management costs, improve product quality to win the market.
Shipbuilding production in our country and won the top of the world at the same time, people was embarrassed to discover that past domestic shipping enterprise proud of artificial cost was lower than those of Japan, South Korea and other countries of advanced shipbuilding enterprise's competitive advantage, already no longer.Nearly two years, continuous southeast coastal areas in our country "labor shortage", has spread the serious shipbuilding enterprises, China's "demographic dividend" is gradually disappearing.Ship companies in our country of high-skilled talents especially "labor shortage".Survey data show that most of the ship companies in our country there are larger gap of skilled talents, especially in shipbuilding production of LaoWuGong mainstay, the proportion of senior workers tend to be less than 10%, many companies and even lower than 5%.Under the new situation, the ship companies through advanced technology and equipment to advanced curing of ship construction process, to reduce the adverse impact of human factors, improve the quality, progress, steady security, win benefit.
We have learned, at present all developed countries put the robot technology in the development strategy of science and technology is the most preferred position, especially in some advanced countries such as Japan, South Korea's shipbuilding enterprises, development, research and application in shipbuilding welding robot has achieved obvious results.Kawasaki heavy industries in 1970 developed the first robot, to the late 1990 s, several large shipping companies in Japan has been batch used welding robot, such as small folded platform used in the manufacture of various portable automatic horizontal Angle welding, multi-joint robot conveyor, etc.;Big fold lateral automatic gas welding used in the manufacture, FAB one-side submerged arc automatic welding, etc.This period, the Japanese ship shipbuilding welding machine enterprises humanization rate reached 16%, the small fold of 24.6%, in the flat closed up 14.5%.
As computer technology, microelectronics technology, the rapid development of network technology, robot technology in the 1990 s at the same time of rapid development, the manufacturing costs and prices are falling.According to the United Nations economic commission for Europe (UNECE) statistics, the robot's price from 1990 to 2000 in 10 years dropped by about 80%, labor costs rose by about 40%.
Since 2001, especially in the global shipbuilding peak a few years ago, our country shipbuilding industry increasingly rising labor costs, but in today's ship city trough are difficult to reduce, high Labour costs has become our country ships enterprise one of the important factors for further develop and expand.In this situation, to accelerate the popularization and application of hull parts CNC cutting materials, components, the robot welding, automatic welding makeup, CNC ribs cold bending machine, robot welding parts, segmented robot welding, hull section manufacturing automation, is to further improve shipbuilding output and quality, reduce cost, shorten shipbuilding cycle is one of the key factors.
As the international shipping industry of green environmental protection, energy conservation and emissions reduction, and to determine the directions of the sustainable development of shipbuilding enterprises rely on the developing mode of intensive labor cost advantage is unsustainable, want to win the market, must accelerate and wide application of automatic welding equipment, have to raise shipbuilding efficiency and reduce labor costs, reduce management costs, improve product quality.Only then, can place in the fierce competition of the shipbuilding market and realize development.